Can Child Sexual Abuse and Child Sexual Exploitation really be uncoupled?



There is currently a consultation led by Government to redefine Child Sexual exploitation (CSE) – and they want it to be a subset to child abuse – thereby uncoupling  it by definition from Child Sexual Abuse (CSA)

You can read more about the consultation (not too many pages, so fairly quickly) at:


Whilst I welcome the willingness to consider the need for a CSE definition – I’m not in favour of uncoupling it from CSA. The reasons for this is that some of the children/young people who have been victims of CSE have previously been a victim of familial child sexual abuse.

I consider, and work on the basis that, CSE is a form of CSA – and not separate.

I am NOT in favour of the present proposal and consider an that the following is more appropriate:

“Child sexual exploitation is a form of child SEXUAL abuse. It occurs where anyone under the age of 18 is persuaded, coerced or forced into sexual activity in exchange for, amongst other things, money, drugs/alcohol, gifts, affection or status. Consent is irrelevant, even where a child may believe they are voluntarily engaging in sexual activity with the person who is exploiting them. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact and may occur online.”

The background to this counter proposal – is that the exchange of money, drugs/alcohol, gifts, affection …….. is common within ALL forms of CSA – and not unique to CSE.

The majority of the women who access specialist rape and sexual abuse services have been sexually abused not only within their familial setting, but also by others outside of the home. In recent years I and others have been concerned at the lack of focus on the overall landscape of CSA, as government continues to focus on CSE. I feel that CSE is an important subset of CSA & not a separate category under the general heading of child abuse.  If the government choose to make it so – I fear they will continue to ignore the needs of the majority of children/teens who are currently or will be future victims of Child Sexual Abuse.

If you look at the definitions of CSA & CSE  the one thing that stands out for me is that the grooming process involving gifts attention and affection appears to be confined to CSE which is simply not the case

Child Sexual Exploitation via NSPCC

Child Sexual Abuse Definition via NSPCC

I would welcome your comments

Please forgive yourself for being a child and not acting as an adult.

imageTo all survivors of childhood sexual abuse:

Please forgive yourself for being a child and not acting as an adult.

Too often we look back at what we did (or more often, didn’t do) and cringe with shame.

That’s an adult judging a child for acting like a child.

We take our imperfect hindsight and put that knowledge into our child mind, ignoring the ignorance, the fear, the innocence, the lack of power, the shock, the pain, that existed at the time.

Be kind to your little self.

Be realistic.

Forgive yourself for not having perfect foreknowledge, for not having an adults altruism, for not being as strong willed, strong minded, strong bodied as an adult.


Grooming in childhood sexual abuse or exploitation

imageThanks to BOBBI PARISH…

Its common for survivors of childhood sexual abuse to feel worthless, powerless and to blame for the horror they endured. Making it worse, they receive repeated pressure from people in their lives to “put it behind you,” “get over it,” and “just let it go.” I’ve received the same demands and judgment from people in my own life. What those people fail to realize is the power of grooming – the brain washing most child victims of sexual abuse go through at the hands of their abuser.


Grooming is the process that predators use to gain control over a child for the purpose of sexually abusing them. They use a series of manipulative behaviors, involving tangible and intangible means, to exploit the child while maintaining control over them so that they do not resist or report the abuse. There are generally considered to be six stages to the grooming process:

Targeting the Victim: The predator selects a child that he or she perceives as being needy, easily isolated and responsive to manipulation. This can be their own child – if they have several children, they will choose the one they feel is most susceptible to manipulation.
Building Trust: The predator actively engages with the child, showing them special attention and favour.
Filling a Need: In this stage, the predator begins to provide the child with something he or she perceives the child is missing and craving: attention, affection, approval or even protection against bullies.
Isolating the Child: Now that the predator has built trust and filled a need, they leverage that to isolate the child. They tell the child that their relationship is a secret, or that others wouldn’t approve of their friendship and would try to break up their friendship. When the secret is built upon shame and fear, the child begins to isolate himself or herself and the predator doesn’t even need to do it.
Sexualizing the Relationship: The predator now has all components of the grooming process in place in order to begin sexually abusing the child. The abuse will typically escalate over time.
Maintaining Control: At this point the predator actively abuses the child, while continuing to fill their needs and keep them isolated. Oftentimes, the abuser will now actively shame the child for “agreeing” to be an active participant in the sexual relationship. The shame is a very powerful silencing and isolating tool. The abuser has now become a significant source of meeting the child’s needs, so much so that the child fears losing the relationship and will acquiesce to the abuser’s requests. The child is now doubting his or her capacity to perceive reality, and relies upon the abuser’s statements about reality.
After the Abuse

Eventually, through reporting or circumstance, the abuse ends and sometimes the relationship with the abuser does as well, but the damage persists. The child grows into an adult riddled with shame, unable to trust their own perceptions of reality, and with contorted perceptions of what a loving relationship looks like. They feel unworthy, guilty and powerless. Long after the physical wounds of the abuse end, the emotional abuse lives on. Getting it out of our head is not as simple as declaring it gone. Not easily evicted from where it’s resided for years, it has powerful squatter’s rights. It is ingrained, by years of grooming, into the fabric of our thoughts and beliefs.

Picking out the threads of lies woven into our mind by our abuser takes time and care. We have to figure out what is the truth and what is the lie that our abuser taught us. It’s hard to tell the difference, because they have both existed in our minds for so long. They all look the same. We have to test one thread at a time, with judgment that is often skewed by the grooming we receive. It’s a flawed system trying to detect flawed thoughts. Grooming sets us up by creating a distorted thinking system. Even when someone tries to tell us the truth we question it.


In my experience the only therapy that is really helping me is talking therapy with a counsellor who is experienced in understanding the dynamics of childhood sexual abuse & ideally a trauma therapist too. I am fortunate to be able to afford this. Sadly many survivors of child abuse are not and the provision of specialist long term therapy in NHS is sorely lacking. There are many fantastic charities in UK who do their best to provide such a service but are  struggling financially to try to fill this huge gap.

Meanwhile thousands of survivors battle on – largely unsupported – with the legacy of this horrendous childhood trauma.

If you come across one of them asking for donations – please give what you can.

Thank you.

The Wall of Silence Exhibition

You can help get this exhibition touring around the UK! Read on and be inspired to help!

Scroll down watch 2 minute TV news clip  ⬇️

The Wall of Silence is an exhibition of images, stories and poems from
adult survivors of abuse. It highlights the extent of child abuse and
Its impact on victims and adult survivors.

The wall invites us to connect to each experience;
To bear witness
To stand against abuse
& the silence around it.

The photos, words & art on display at the Wall of Silence Exhibition have immense power. They express:-

•the emotions of experiencing abuse and its aftermath

•the pain, losses and confusions

•the resistance and pride of surviving

Below are some of the comments made by visitors to the exhibition held at the Colsten Hall in Bristol in January 2016


If you are a victim/survivor of child abuse in UK & would like to contribute to the wall –

– or if you would like to have the exhibition in your area see below –

The Wall of Silence was produced by The Southmead Project and is a unique exhibition that not only highlights child abuse, its impact and the suffering this causes, but also the sheer determination and doggedness of those affected in trying to overcome the aftermath of that abuse: self-harming, substance misuse and sadly, attempts – sometimes successful, to take one’s life.

Child abuse is regularly being highlighted in all media outlets and the government has set up an Inquiry into the matter. The exhibition is a very powerful way of ensuring the voice of the victims and survivors will be heard. Following the initial launch of the exhibition at Colston Hall Bristol early January, the exhibition moved on to City Hall London and this was another enormous success. The next event will be held at Avon and Somerset Police HQ North Somerset running from the 3rd to the 6th May 2016 with a further 4 venues in England and Wales already in the diary.

Further details contact Dr Mike Peirce MBE – CEO Southmead Project: 0117 9506022 or email:

Address:   Southmead Project,
165 Greystoke Avenue, Bristol,
Avon, United Kingdom, BS10 6AS




WATCH this 2min TV news item featuring The Wall of Silence Exhibition at the Colsten Hall in Bristol

(courtesy of ‘Made in Bristol TV ‘)